Everything You Need to Know About Portfolio Management with Machine Learning

Everything You Need to Know About Portfolio Management with Machine Learning

Uncertainty has become an undeniable part of everyone’s lives over the last two years, with even the most mundane aspects witnessing a sea change. The way you work, the way you travel, and even the way you earn has changed significantly and if there is one thing everyone agrees on, it is the need to prepare for all eventualities. And, one of the best and simplest ways to prepare for an uncertain future is to save money because nothing can stand you in good stead, during emergencies, as being in possession of a fund that can get you through difficulties. While saving money is the first step towards accumulating wealth, leaving it to languish in your savings account is not the ideal way to grow your money. Given the high inflation, and the resultant rise in prices, not investing your hard-earned savings is akin to losing a portion of it, over time. Simply put, with the inflation rate at nearly 7%, your savings will be worth at least 7% less by this time next year, if you leave it in your bank account. Compound this over the years and your savings will lose value every year, unless you invest it in inflation-beating assets.

Investing and portfolio management

Now that you know that you need to invest to accumulate and grow your wealth, you also need an astute portfolio management strategy to maneuver the ebbs and flows of the market. Portfolio management entails the allocation of your money to a variety of asset classes in an attempt to mitigate risk and boost your potential returns. Portfolio management is imperative for a well-balanced investment profile because, if you invest all your money in one asset, you may end up making sharp losses in the event of a market crash. Alternatively, if you invest your savings across a variety of asset classes, you may weaken potential returns due to over-diversification. To create an optimal portfolio management strategy, you require a strong understanding of market fundamentals and self-knowledge, including aspects such as your risk profile, your return requirement, time horizon, financial goals, etc. Once you have these details in place, you can create a customised and robust portfolio management strategy and invest accordingly.

However, that is not all you need to do! You also have to stick to your allocation strategy and manage your portfolio over the time horizon of your investment. This entails keeping an eye on market trends, considering market upheavals, and rebalancing your portfolio in line with changing personal circumstances and the shifting investment environment. It also means sticking to your guns and not giving in to emotions such as fear, greed or anxiety. And, given that money is an emotional factor for most people, it becomes extremely difficult to stay the course and not fall prey to market biases and illogical decisions. As human beings, everyone is prone to irrational decisions and market biases, but giving in can cause unnecessary losses.

Portfolio management with machine learning

Considering the fact that it is human bias which causes challenges to optimal portfolio management, you can consider trying portfolio management with machine learning (ML). What exactly is machine learning and how can it help you substitute human effort in portfolio management? Well, ML is a kind of artificial intelligence which helps software applications predict outcomes in a significantly accurate way, through the use of historical data. It simply follows that thought process that history, and thus trends, repeat themselves. When it comes to the market and investing, ML can study huge quantities of historic market data and sift through massive chunks of research and information to come up with actionable insights. These insights can then help you take unbiased decisions using portfolio management with machine learning.   

Portfolio management with machine learning can offer you benefits such as cutting out human bias and emotion, the ability to capture non-linear patterns, access to actionable insights and suggestions as well as the possibility of focusing on prediction through ensemble learning (comparison of several base models for best outcomes). Portfolio management with machine learning can also help you during the various steps of the investment journey from risk assessment and portfolio construction to signal generation and trade execution. Further, since human bias and emotion is taken out of the equation, portfolio management with machine learning can help you allocate funds optimally, maximise return on investment, and optimise risk factors, thereby helping you curate and manage a portfolio primed for success. 

Technology has become an integral part of our everyday lives and while investing has remained a traditional segment for decades, innovative solutions are slowly and surely transforming the ecosystem. Considering the huge benefits offered by possibilities such as portfolio management with machine learning, there is no question of going back to the legacy system. Indeed, a hybrid framework that ably combines human intelligence and decision-making abilities with innovations such as machine learning is the best way to invest and manage portfolios capable of realising strong returns in the future.   

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