Share price understanding how does prices increase or decrease with examples

Stock prices rise and fall depending on a variety of factors. Changes in the economy, investor sentiment, political news, actions taken by organizations and individuals, as well as events like natural disasters, can all contribute to changes in stock prices.

Let us take the example of Reliance Industries to figure out how stocks move. Assume that you are an individual monitoring Infosys in the market.

At 09:30 AM Reliance Industries was trading at Rs.3000 per share, and the management released a press statement to announce their new senior management personnel appointment and also clean chit from the regulator. They are certain that this individual will bring many positive changes to the organisation.

Two questions must be asked when making decisions: 

  1. What will be the market’s response to this news regarding Infosys’ stock price?
  2. When it comes to Reliance Industries, what type of trade would you consider taking? Would it be a purchase or a sale?

The first answer is rather straightforward; Infosys has seen a positive shift, particularly due to its resolution of a leadership problem. This, in turn, leads to market participants’ enthusiasm to buy the stock, no matter what rate, which will consequently result in an increase in the stock price.

SI No.  Time  Last Traded Places  What price the seller wants What does the buyer do? New Last Trade Price
1 09:30 3000 3004 Buys  3004
2 09:31 3003 3007 Buys  3007
3 09:33 3004 3009 Buys  3009
4 09:35  3010 3013  Buys  3013 

The buyer is prepared to pay whatever prices the seller demands; this is known as a bullish market. In such a situation, values are generally climbing.

As evidenced, the stock price rose 13 Rupees within 5 minutes. As is common, prices tend to climb when news is either promising or expected to be so.

In this instance, the stock price is on the rise because the leadership problems have been resolved, and there is anticipation that the new CEO will take the company to unprecedented levels of success.

The response to the second query is simple, but you buy Infosys shares as there is positive news regarding it.

Later that day, the company announces that a part of their refinery caught fire.

Let us suppose Reliance Industries is trading at 3030 by 12:30 PM. Now, here are some queries to consider…

  1. What influence does this new information have on Reliance Industries?
  2. What would be the effect of beginning a new trade with this knowledge?
  3. What will be the impact of other refinery stocks in the market?

The above questions are easily answered; however, to gain a more thorough understanding of the impact of the announcement, let us delve into it further.

Let us now see if we can answer the questions posed above.

Reliance Industries is an Indian conglomerate company headquartered in Mumbai. The organization was founded by Dhirubhai Ambani in 1966. It operates in several different sectors, including refinery, telecommunications and retail. So with this announcement there will be a decrease in their output and hurting their revenues.

An investor who receives new information at 3030 would be wise to initiate a sell on Reliance Industries.

It’s clear that news and events have an impact on market participants, who express their responses correspondingly through stock prices. This is what drives the stocks’ movements.

One might ponder what will happen to a corporation’s share value if no announcements are made. Could the stock cost continue still and not fluctuate? The answer is not necessarily straightforward; it largely depends on the entity in question.

In summary, the fluctuations in price can be attributed to the anticipation of news or occurrences that affect the company, sector or overall economy. For example, following Narendra Modi’s appointment as Indian Prime Minister, it was generally seen as a positive development which had an impact on the share market.

In some cases, no news may be present, yet the price could still fluctuate based on demand and supply.