Financial modelling is a fundamental tool in finance that involves creating a mathematical representation of a company or financial asset’s performance. This practice is crucial for making informed business and investment decisions. Financial models are typically built using spreadsheets and are designed to represent the financial performance of a project, investment, or any business entity in numbers. These models project future earnings and performance based on a set of assumptions about market trends, company operations, and other economic factors. They are used for various purposes, including valuation, budgeting, forecasting, and capital allocation. In valuation, financial models help estimate the value of a company or asset. In budgeting and forecasting, they assist in planning future business operations and financial performance. Financial modelling requires a strong foundation in accounting, finance, and excel skills, as well as an understanding of how businesses work. It is an essential skill for finance professionals, helping them to analyse data, make predictions, and provide recommendations based on quantitative analyses.