The share market, also known as the stock market, is a platform where investors buy and sell shares, which are units of ownership in companies. It plays a crucial role in the economy by allowing companies to raise capital and giving investors the opportunity to earn returns on their investments. Trading in the share market can lead to two main types of financial gains: capital gains, when shares are sold for more than their purchase price, and dividends, which are a share of profits distributed to shareholders. These gains are subject to taxation, which varies depending on the country and specific regulations. In many jurisdictions, short-term capital gains (from assets held for a shorter duration) are taxed at a higher rate than long-term capital gains. Dividends may also be taxed, either at the corporate level, the investor level, or both. Understanding the taxation rules related to share market investments is vital for investors to manage their portfolios effectively and comply with tax laws.