equity linked savings scheme

How to Reduce Taxes with ELSS: A Wise Investment

Taxes are an inevitable part of earning income, but savvy investments can help reduce the amount you owe to the government. One such investment option is the Equity-Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS). ELSS funds are a popular tax-saving instrument that not only help in reducing your tax liability but also provide an opportunity for wealth creation through equity investments. In this blog post, we’ll delve into how ELSS investments can be a smart choice for tax-saving and wealth-building

What is ELSS?

ELSS is a type of mutual fund that invests primarily in the stock market. It comes with a lock-in period of three years, which is the shortest among all tax-saving options under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act. This means you cannot withdraw your investment before the completion of three years. The dual advantage of ELSS is that it offers tax benefits while giving you the potential for higher returns through equity exposure.

Tax Benefits of ELSS

Deduction Under Section 80C: You can claim a deduction of up to Rs 1.5 lakh per financial year from your gross total income by investing in ELSS, thereby reducing your taxable income and, consequently, your tax liability.

Tax-Efficient Returns: Since ELSS funds invest in equities, the returns are subject to Long Term Capital Gains (LTCG) tax. LTCG of up to Rs 1 lakh in a financial year is tax-free. Any gains exceeding this limit are taxed at 10% without the benefit of indexation. This makes ELSS more tax-efficient compared to other fixed-income tax-saving instruments.

Advantages of Investing in ELSS

Potential for Higher Returns: As ELSS funds invest in equities, they have the potential to deliver higher returns compared to traditional tax-saving options like Public Provident Fund (PPF) or National Savings Certificate (NSC) over the long term. However, it’s important to note that higher returns come with higher risks.

Shortest Lock-in Period: The three-year lock-in period of ELSS is shorter than that of other tax-saving instruments like PPF (15 years) and NSC (5 years), making it a more liquid option for investors.

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP): You can invest in ELSS funds through a Systematic Investment Plan (SIP), allowing you to invest small amounts regularly. This helps in inculcating a disciplined investment habit and also enables you to benefit from rupee cost averaging.

Diversification: ELSS funds invest in a diversified portfolio of stocks across different sectors and market capitalizations, reducing the risk associated with equity investments.

What to look for before investing in ELSS?

Risk Factor: As ELSS funds are equity-linked, they are subject to market risks. It’s essential to assess your risk tolerance before investing.

Research and Choose Wisely: Not all ELSS funds perform equally. It’s important to research and select a fund with a consistent performance history and a reputable fund management team.

Long-term Perspective: Though the lock-in period is three years, it’s advisable to have a long-term investment horizon to maximise the potential for higher returns.


ELSS investments offer a compelling blend of tax savings and growth potential, making them an attractive option for investors looking to reduce their tax burden while aiming for wealth creation. By understanding the features and benefits of ELSS, you can make informed investment decisions that align with your financial goals and risk appetite. Remember, the key to successful investing in ELSS is to stay invested for the long term and choose the right fund based on thorough research

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