Volume Trends How to Leverage for Successful Trading Strategy

  1. Technical Analysis
    1. How Technical Analysis Can Help You Make Informed Decisions in Mastering Stock Trading
    2. Technical Analysis Setting Realistic Expectations
    3. Introduction to Technical Analysis and Assumptions
    4. Technical analysis for Profitable Trades Analyzing Open, High, Low, and Close
    5. Candlestick Charts How Line and Bar chart Enhance Market Analysis
    6. Japanese Candlesticks History, Anatomy From Ancient Japan to Global Trading Phenomenon
    7. Time Frames in Technical Analysis Unlocking the Power of Choosing the Right Interval for Successful Trading strategy
    8. Candlestick Patterns How to Identify and Interpret Trading Signals
    9. Marubozu and Bullish Marubozu Understanding What is Essential Single Candlestick Patterns for Traders
    10. Marubozu Candlestick Setting Stop Loss The Ultimate Guide to Trading Patterns
    11. Spinning Top Candlestick Navigating Downtrends A Trader’s Guide to Identifying Reversal Signals
    12. Spinning Top and Doji How to Interpret and Navigating Market Uncertainty
    13. Paper umbrella and hammer candlestick pattern Unlock Profitable Trades
    14. Hanging man candlestick pattern Profitable share market trading Strategies
    15. Shooting Star Candlestick Pattern Boost Your Trading Success Guide
    16. Engulfing Patterns and Bullish Engulfing Signals Unlock Trading Opportunities
    17. Bearish Engulfing and Doji for Trading Success Profitable Strategies with Candlestick Patterns
    18. Multiple Candlestick Patterns Insights and Strategies Boost Your Trading
    19. Bullish Harami Candlestick Pattern for Trend Reversal Strategies
    20. Shorting Guide using the Bearish Harami Pattern Trade Reversals with Confidence
    21. Morning Star Candlestick Pattern and Gap Analysis To Maximise Your Profits
    22. Evening Star Candlestick Pattern Learn How to Identify and Trade to Boost Your Trading Success
    23. Support and Resistance Basics A Comprehensive Guide to Setting Targets and Navigate the Markets with Confidence
    24. Support and Resistance Learn How to Draw and Identify Key Levels Unlocking Trading Opportunities
    25. Support and Resistance Advanced Trading Strategy Analysing Reliability and Optimisation
    26. Volume Trends How to Leverage for Successful Trading Strategy
    27. Volume Analysis A Key Checklist for Successful Stock Trading
    28. Moving Averages A Comprehensive Guide for Trend Analysis in Stock Trading
    29. How to Use Moving Averages for Profitable Trading Strategy and Potential Opportunities
    30. Moving Average Crossover Boost Your Trading Success with A Reliable Strategy
    31. Technical indicators How to Use Technical Tools for Better Decision-Making Unlocking the Power of Trading
    32. Relative Strength Index RSI Analysing Overbought and Oversold Signals to Boost Your Trading Strategy
    33. MACD How to Interpret and Utilize Moving Average Convergence and Divergence for Profitable Trading
    34. Bollinger Bands The Power of Indicators in Trading and checklist
    35. Fibonacci Retracements Unravelling the Power in Stock Markets
    36. Mastering Fibonacci Retracement A Step-by-Step Guide for Effective Trading
    37. Dow Theory Decoding Unveiling the Principles of Technical Analysis
    38. Dow Theory Patterns Unlocking Trading Opportunities with Double and Triple Formations
    39. Trading Range Explained chart indicator example strategy Profit from Market Ranges
    40. Flag Pattern and Range Breakout How to Capitalise Trading Beyond Boundaries
    41. Risk reward ratio Understanding RRR in Dow Theory
    42. Technical Analysis Tools for Traders Charting Software Guide Enhance Your Trading
    43. How to Select Stocks for Trading Success and Building Your Opportunity Universe
    44. Short Term Trading Unleashing the Power of Scalping Strategies
    45. ADX Indicator and 7 more indicator tools for Trend Strength Analysis
Marketopedia / Technical Analysis / Volume Trends How to Leverage for Successful Trading Strategy

Volume is an important factor in technical analysis and can be used to confirm trends and patterns. By looking at volume, it’s possible to get insight into how other investors view the market.

Volume is an indication of the number of shares traded over a certain duration. Activity in a stock is typically correlated to its volume; the higher it is, the busier it has been. 

To illustrate, say you and I both buy or sell 100 shares of GNA Axles at 485 – this would result in a trade, but the actual volume created would be 100, not 200, as many would mistakenly assume (100 buys / sells).

This fictional example should aid comprehension of how total trading volume is calculated in a single day:

At 9:30 AM, 400 shares changed hands at 62.20, and an hour later, another 500 exchanges were made at 62.75. By 10:30 AM if you’d checked the day’s volume, it would have totalled 900 (400 + 500). Additionally, 350 shares were traded at 63.10 by 11:30 AM, thus increasing the volume to 1,250 (400 + 500 + 350).

This screenshot, showing the volumes of some shares, was taken at 2:55 PM on 5th of August 2014 from the live market.

At the time of 2:55 PM, a combined 12,72,737 shares of Cummins had been sold at differing price points ranging between 634.90 and 689.85.

With just 35 minutes before markets close, it is likely that volumes will increase if traders keep trading. The following screenshot taken at 3:30 PM shows the same stocks with volume clearly visible.

The volume trend table

The volume of Cummins India is 13,49,736 shares, but this detail only has value when paired with the preceding price and volume trends. Individually it has no relevance or merit. When laid out in the context of a broader pattern, however, it gains significance.

The first line of the table above implies that when both the price and volume increase, it is likely to be indicative of a bullish outlook.

Before we take a closer look at the table, ponder this – what does an ‘increase in volume’ mean? What is being used as a point of comparison? Is the reference point for calculation based on the preceding day’s quantity or over a period of several days?

Traders often compare current volume with the average of their last 10 days. It is usually recommended to follow this rule:

High Volume = Today’s volume > last 10 days average volume

Low Volume = Today’s volume < last 10 days average volume

Average Volume = Today’s volume = last 10 days average volume

To get the last 10-day average, draw a moving average line on the volume bars, and you’re good to go. We will discuss this in detail in the upcoming chapters.

In the chart above, you can observe blue bars at the bottom, which indicate volume. The red line plotted on top indicates the 10-day average. Any volume bars that exceed this average point to increased participation are likely from institutional investors.

Given the information we have, it might be wise to examine the volume-price table.

The thought process behind the volume trend table

It’s no surprise that when institutional investors buy or sell large amounts of shares, it’s a much more significant move than what individual retail traders do. 

An example would be India’s LIC; they being one of the country’s biggest domestic institutional investors. If they were to invest in Cummins India, it wouldn’t just be 500 shares, but probably around 500,000 or more. The open market will definitely feel the impact with so many shares being traded at once, and coupled with such huge investment, the share price will start to rise as well. 

Therefore rightfully so, we refer to such big investments from large institutions as ‘smart money.’  It is perceived that ‘smart money’ always makes smarter moves in the market than retail traders. Therefore, following smart money is a smart idea

It is clear that a major investor has expressed interest in the stock, with both the price and volume increasing. They are making a smart choice, thus implying an outlook of optimism and creating an opportunity to invest.

When it comes to making purchases, it’s wise to go with the smart money and make sure the quantity is substantial.

The first row of the volume trend table shows that as both price and volume increase, expectations become more optimistic.

What do you believe occurs when the cost increases while the quantity decreases, according to the second row?

Consider this:

  1. Why is the price increasing?
  1. Because market participants are buying
  1. Do institutional investors have anything to do with the price rise?
  1. The chance of the event occurring is very low.
  1. How would you know that there is no meaningful purchase by institutional investors?
  1. If they had been making a purchase, then the quantity would have gone up rather than down.
  1. What does a price increase accompanied by decreasing volumes signify?
  1. The cost is escalating because of slight retail involvement and not truly significant investing. Thus, exercising caution is suggested, as this could be a potential bull trap.

The third row argues that a dip in price coupled with an upswing in volume anticipates a bearish outlook. Why might this be the case?

A dip in the price and a surge in trading volumes points to smart money selling the stock. Considering smart money usually makes sound investments, this could be seen as a sign that the stock should be sold and bearish expectations are warranted.

When deciding to sell, make sure you’re in line with the smart money and selling a good amount.

What happens when volume and cost drop, as indicated in the 4th row?

Contemplate it in this way:

  1. What’s causing the reduction in price?
  1. As a result, market participants are selling.
  1. Do any institutional sellers correlate with the price drop?
  1. The chances of it happening are slim. 
  1. How can you tell that institutional investors are not making meaningful sell orders?
  1. If they were to sell, then the volume would rise, not decline.
  1. To determine a fall in price and a decrease in volume, what steps would you take?
  1. The price might be dropping due to lack of big market players, and not necessarily shrewd selling. Taking this into account, you should use caution because it could be a potential bear trap.


    Get the App Now